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Special Feature

Labor Day 2012

"Labor Day Celebrates U.S. Workers"

 

Labor Day: How it Came About; What it Means

Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country.

The First Labor Day

The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883. In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected as the holiday, as originally proposed, and the Central Labor Union urged similar organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York and celebrate a "workingmen's holiday" on that date. The idea spread with the growth of labor organizations, and in 1885 Labor Day was celebrated in many industrial centers of the country.

Please find the full article at U.S. Department of Labor.

GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS

  • PROCLAMATION BY PRESIDENT OBAMA ON LABOR DAY 2012. The White House
    PROCLAMATION BY PRESIDENT OBAMA ON LABOR DAY 2012. The White House

    Through times of prosperity and hardship alike, America counts on the strength and dynamism of the world's finest labor force. From the factory floor and the office to the classroom and the interstate, working men and women are the unshakable foundation of American innovation and economic growth. On Labor Day, we celebrate their vital role and reaffirm that America will always stand behind our workers. 

  • LABOR DAY 2012. U.S. Department of Labor
    LABOR DAY 2012. U.S. Department of Labor

    In June, 1894, Congress passed an act declaring the first Monday in September Labor Day and a legal holiday in all states, territories and the District of Columbia. Created by the nation's labor movement and dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers, Labor Day is an annual yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country.  

  • TODAY IN HISTORY: THE FIRST LABOR DAY. The Library of Congress
    TODAY IN HISTORY: THE FIRST LABOR DAY. The Library of Congress

    On September 5, 1882, some 10,000 workers assembled in New York City to participate in America's first Labor Day parade. After marching from City Hall, past reviewing stands in Union Square, and then uptown to 42nd Street, the workers and their families gathered in Wendel's Elm Park for a picnic, concert, and speeches. This first Labor Day celebration was eagerly organized and executed by New York’s Central Labor Union, an umbrella group made up of representatives from many local unions. Debate continues to this day as to who originated the idea of a workers' holiday, but it definitely emerged from the ranks of organized labor at a time when they wanted to demonstrate the strength of their burgeoning movement and inspire improvements in their working conditions. 

  • FACTS FOR FEATURES: LABOR DAY 2012. U.S. Census Bureau
    FACTS FOR FEATURES: LABOR DAY 2012. U.S. Census Bureau

    The first observance of Labor Day is believed to have been a parade of 10,000 workers on Sept. 5, 1882, in New York City, organized by Peter J. McGuire, a Carpenters and Joiners Union secretary. By 1893, more than half the states were observing a “Labor Day” on one day or another, and Congress passed a bill to establish a federal holiday in 1894. President Grover Cleveland signed the bill soon afterward, designating the first Monday in September as Labor Day.  

  • YOUR RIGHTS AS A WORKER. U.S. Department of Labor
    YOUR RIGHTS AS A WORKER. U.S. Department of Labor

    Do you have questions about the laws that protect you as a worker? Do you want to know more about your benefits because of a lay-off? These resources will point you to the information that you need. Review this information so that you know the questions you need to ask your employer. 

  • UNION MEMBERS - 2011. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics
    UNION MEMBERS - 2011. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics

    In 2011, the union membership rate--the percent of wage and salary workers who were members of a union--was 11.8 percent, essentially unchanged from 11.9 percent in 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions, at 14.8 million, also showed little movement over the year. In 1983, the first year for which comparable union data are available, the union membership rate was 20.1 percent and there were 17.7 million union workers. 

  • OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK HANDBOOK, 2012-13 EDITION. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics
    OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK HANDBOOK, 2012-13 EDITION. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics

    The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. The profiles featured here cover hundreds of occupations and describe What They Do, Work Environment, How to Become One, Pay, and more. Each profile also includes BLS employment projections for the 2010–20 decade. The Handbook is revised every two years. 

  • MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW ONLINE. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics
    MONTHLY LABOR REVIEW ONLINE. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics

    Established in 1915, Monthly Labor Review is the principal journal of fact, analysis, and research from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, an agency within the U.S. Department of Labor. Each month, economists, statisticians, and experts from the Bureau join with private sector professionals and State and local government specialists to provide a wealth of research in a wide variety of fields—the labor force, the economy, employment, inflation, productivity, occupational injuries and illnesses, wages, prices, and many more. 

  • WHAT DO YOU LIKE?, 2012-13 EDITION. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics
    WHAT DO YOU LIKE?, 2012-13 EDITION. U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics

    This is a main home page for K-12 students from BLS Career Information that describes the nature, preparation, and future of various jobs in relation to a school subject. 

  • OUTLINE OF THE U.S. ECONOMY. Digital Window On America, U.S. Embassy Seoul
    OUTLINE OF THE U.S. ECONOMY. Digital Window On America, U.S. Embassy Seoul

    Examines how the U.S. economy works and how it has evolved over the past 225 years. Considers forms of business enterprise, the role of financial markets, how government shapes the economy and seeks to manage the pace of economic activity, the agricultural sector and U.S. farm policy, the changing role of labor, and current U.S. policies on trade and international economic affairs. 

USEFUL LINKS

U.S. Department of Labor
http://www.dol.gov/

U.S. Department of Labor's Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
http://webapps.dol.gov/dolfaq/dolfaq.asp

U.S. Department of Labor's Tools, Resources and Reports
http://www.dol.gov/laborday/resources.htm

U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB)
http://www.dol.gov/ilab/

U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics
http://stats.bls.gov/data/home.htm

Employment Situation News Release: August 3, 2012 (USDL-12-1531)
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.htm

Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release: August 23, 2012 (USDL-12-1718)
http://www.bls.gov/news.release/mmls.htm

The Origins of Labor Day – PBS
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/business/september96/labor_day_9-2.html

American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial Organizations
http://www.aflcio.org/

Info-pedia USA: Holidays - Labor Day
For English, http://infopedia.usembassy.or.kr/ENG/_f_1006.html
For Korean, http://infopedia.usembassy.or.kr/KOR/_f_1006.html